Revelations of the SATOR Square

INTRODUCTION

What are the discoveries that the SATOR Square brings us?

It is worth reviewing them at the stage of our reflection after these first five articles.

1. The SATOR Square is above all an inscription

2. It is a Latin inscription

3. It is a Christian Latin inscription

4. It contains the cultural concepts of three major civilizations

5. Its author is the apostle Paul

6. It is one of the first sources of Christian iconography

7. It is at the origin of the Asturias banner

8. The rebel graffiti 1312 and ACAB also draw inspiration from it

9. The SATOR Square reveals where the center of the universe is

10. The SATOR Square has a great connection with ICHTHYS

11. The SATOR Square also advises us

12. This inscription invites you to discover more for yourself!

1. The SATOR Square is above all an inscription 

Although the SATOR Square presents itself quite often in the form of graffiti in the first centuries AD - which attests to its modest and noble origins, both public and private - this does not prevent its 25 letters from forming a coherent and understandable message: it is therefore a text and not a collection of meaningless letters.

Moreover, since the SATOR Square can also be located in space and time, it can easily be placed in a specific historical context and a specific geographical situation. As this inscription is not the result of a random collection of letters, it cannot have intended to be a magic square in the beginning, nor even a talisman or any other form of hobby, however interesting it may be.

Its primary purpose is to transmit information, as well as any written text made available to the public (1).

2. It is a Latin inscription 

We have shown that the words that make up the inscription are all written in Latin, even AREPO, which does not seem to be so at first sight. The SATOR Square therefore includes 5 purely Latin words and 3 neologisms which are EPO, OPE and ERA, words borrowed from Greek for the first time to our knowledge in Latin literature and epigraphy.

Knowing this, its message composed of 8 Latin words can be understood without using complex artifice (2).

3. It is a Christian Latin inscription 

The more we examine this inscription, the more we are convinced of its Christian origin, which nevertheless already appears at the very first reading: we have the word SATOR (Christ) as the very first track and of course the cross that forms the two TENET and which a copy of the graffiti found in Pompeii highlights well, already before the year 79 AD.

Moreover, the links of this inscription with the universe of the Book of Books do not stop surprising us (3).

4. It contains the cultural concepts of three major civilizations 

We have seen that this inscription is written in Latin with Greek neologisms. The Latin words borrowed from Greek vocabulary are found in large proportion (3 words of Greek origin out of 8 words in all). We also find Greek letters, the alpha and the omega for example, in the PATER NOSTER reading. In addition, we also find Hebrew concepts, the taw of TENET, to name but one.

As language includes a way of thinking, living and being, and as we have here Latin, Greek and Hebrew, we can say that the cultural notions of the Roman, Greek and Hebrew world are included in this inscription (4).

5. Its author is the apostle Paul 

On the basis of the foregoing, we find in the entire Roman Empire only one influential man with knowledge of these three languages at that time, a Roman educated according to the most advanced Jewish tradition and who also mastered Greek, the international language of the Middle East: the Apostle Paul, of course.

Indeed, Paul is the ideal candidate to be the author of the SATOR Square, since he knew these three civilizations well, either because he had lived or studied there, or because he had announced the Good News there during his many journeys, from Jerusalem to Tarshish (Cadiz, Spain) most probably. He stayed for a long time in Tarsus (Anatolia, Turkey), in Ephesus, Corinth, Caesarea and even in Rome. A great traveller, he travelled almost throughout the entire Roman Empire, from East to West.

This inscription is therefore probably the only written testimony in Latin that we have from the Apostle Paul himself (5).

6. It is one of the first sources of Christian iconography 

We find in this inscription the seed, the starting point, the source of many themes dear to Christian iconography: notably the cross, the chrism, the alpha and omega, the Cross of Victory, the Pantocrator and the five-pointed star (6).

7. It is at the origin of the Asturias banner 

We have shown the link between the second degree reading of the SATOR Square and the coat of arms of Asturias, a province of Spain, which traces the origin of the coat of arms of the Principality of Asturias to almost 700 years before its creation (7).

8. The rebel graffiti 1312 and ACAB also draw inspiration from it 

The inscription that encourages one to settle according to the divine order, the SATOR Square, contains 12 vowels and 13 consonants (12-13). Its opponents took these same numbers, but in reverse (13-12 or 1312) to make it a sign of revolt against the established order (8).

9. The SATOR Square reveals where the center of the universe is 

We have seen how this tiny Latin inscription can contain such important astronomical information, including a key constellation in the night sky. The Romans knew how to be concise, but here we find the ultimate in brevity: a whole course in astronomy in a 25-letter inscription! (9)

10. The SATOR Square has a great connection with ICHTHYS 

We see a definite link between the Latin SATOR and the Greek ICHTHYS for reasons of similar contents and identical forms of these two inscriptions, coming to make us think that they come from the same author (10).

11. The SATOR Square also advises us 

The next article in this blog will reveal a new advice offered by this inscription...

12. This inscription invites you to discover more for yourself!

Indeed, this inscription is sparkling with life and has much more to give.

It is up to you to discover it for yourself, either by pursuing the tracks opened by this reflection or by examining others!

NOTES AND REFERENCES, INCLUDING BIBLIOGRAPHY 

1. See https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/do-you-know-the-sator-square/ (developments and especially conclusion). Since we have not yet found any graffiti of magic squares (whether they are 3 by 3, 4 by 4, 6 by 6 or 7 by 7 squares for example) throughout the Roman Empire, it is not logical to think, in our opinion, that the SATOR Square could have been one.

2. See Meaning of AREPO in  https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/do-you-know-the-sator-square/.

3. See, as climax of the articles in this blog, https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/the-stars-of-sator-square/. Indeed, this close link of the inscription with the Bible (and also with creation and even with the creator) emerges even more during a thorough analysis, as shown by the examination of the SATOR Square in its astronomical approach.

4. https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/our-cultural-origins/.

5. https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/the-stars-of-sator-square/ (conclusion) and https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/sator-and-ichthys/ (introduction).

6. We have presented only an outline of the possibilities offered by the SATOR Square: they can be analysed at your leisure...

https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/do-you-know-the-sator-square/ (Dating and influence).

Michael GREEN L'évangélisation dans l'Eglise primtive. Le développement de la mission chrétienne des origines au millieu du troisième siècle. 1969 Londres, traduction française 1981, Suisse. Edtions G.M. ISBN 2-88050-038-9 (including interesting illustrations of the motifs and symbols used by early Christians).

Fabrizio MANCINELLI, Catacombes et basiliques. Les premiers chrétiens à Rome. Scala, Firenze, Italia, 1982.

Paleocristiano general símbolos: https://es.slideshare.net/Mabellie/paleocristiano-general-smbolos 

7. https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/do-you-know-the-sator-square/ (Dating and influence).

The first degree reading of the inscription is its actual reading, without changing the order of the letters: SATOR, the sower. On the other hand, PATER NOSTER, our Father, is, so to speak, the reading in the second degree: taking the letters out of their order and putting them back together again so that they make sense. Finally, in the third degree, that is to say, taking this time the letters from here and there, we discovered a new reading, the ASTRO reading, the star, the constellation (see, for this last reading:

https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/the-stars-of-sator-square/.

8. https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/do-you-know-the-sator-square/ (Dating and influence). 

9. https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/the-stars-of-sator-square/

10. https://blog-d-olivier-perret.webnode.es/sator-and-ichthys/.

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